Description:Stenocereus pruinosus is a large shrubby or tree-like columnar cactus to 4-5(-7) m tall, usually with one or more, definite trunk(s) from which little-branching stems arise from the base for a distinctive V-shape. The pruinose colour of young branches distinguishes it from the other arborescent species. This cactus is also known as 'pitayo de Octubre' or 'pitayo de mayo' in Mexico, which indicates its ripens mainly around October and May. Stems: 8-10(-12) cm in diameter, grey-green to dark green, the new growth often bearing a distinctive white-glaucous bloom near apex. Ribs: 5-6 (rarely to 8 or even 10) very hight, separated by broad intervals and with wavy margins. Central spines: 1-4, grey to brownish, 2-3 cm long. Radial spines: 5-8, greyish to brownish, radiating, 1-2 cm long. Flowers: Borne on new growth at the stem tips. Funnel-shaped, modestly sized up to 9 cm long, 7 cm wide and packed with yellow stamens. Fruit: Ovoid the size of a small apple, 5-8 long, varying from yellow, orange-green to purple, without persistent perianth parts. The outer skin of the fruit is spiny in youth, growing smooth with maturity making them easier to harvest. Phenology (in habitat): Flowers open in from late February to May and later in September as around the clock bloomers to exploit both day and night flying pollinators and produces fruits between May and October.
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